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What is Housing Rent Allowance (HRA) in Salary Slip?

Are you a renter in India? Do you want to maximize your Housing Rent Allowance (HRA)? Understanding how it works, its eligibility standards, calculation, and tax implications is important for increasing your rent benefits. This article can delve into the House Rent Allowance in India. Whether you are a first-time renter or looking to optimize your HRA, this article will provide you with all the important information. 

What is HRA (Housing Rent Allowance)?

A Housing Rent Allowance is an allowance given by a company to an employee to cover the cost of living in rented housing. HRA is not taxable, even though it is part of your salary. A part of HRA is excluded from taxation under Section 10 (13A) of the Income Tax Act of 1961, with difficulty to some provisions.

Until calculating taxable salary, the sum of HRA exemption is deducted from the overall salary, which allows an individual to save cash on taxes. However, keep in mind that if an employee lives in their own home and does now not pay rent, the HRA deducted from their company is taxable.

Eligibility Criteria To Claim Tax Deduction On HRA

Housing rent allowance is eligible for HRA deduction under Section 10(13A) of the Income Tax Act if a person meets the following standards.

  • Salaried and self-employed people can claim HRA deductions.
  • The individual has to be living in a rented house. HRA tax calculations can’t be made for living in your house.
  • You need to be capable of submitting proof of rent paid, including a house rent receipt.

This way, if you no longer pay rent, you can not declare an HRA deduction even if your employer pays you HRA as part of your salary.

HRA for Self-Employed Individuals

Like salaried individuals, self-rentals do not receive the housing rent allowance. But they could additionally be living on rent for their accommodation. Keeping this in mind, the government has allowed self-employed individuals to claim a deduction for house rent.

According to income tax guidelines, self-employed people who don’t get a housing rent allowance can claim for HRA deduction. However, the most amount that may be claimed under this section is Rs 60,000 (Rs 5,000 per month). 

HRA for Salaried Individuals

According to Section 10 (13A) of the Income Tax Act, salaried individuals have the opportunity to avail exemptions for their Housing Rent Allowance (HRA). Since HRA paperwork is a significant part of a person’s salary, it’s far more important to adhere to the employer’s guidelines and rules while making HRA claims. By doing so, you may ensure compliance and maximize your HRA benefits.

 HRA Calculation Formula with Example

HRA calculations are primarily based on a number of things, which include your salary, the HRA you acquire out of your organization, the actual rent you pay, and whether or not you stay in a metro or a non-metro town. While calculating HRA tax, the amount of tax exemption will lower of

  • The HRA your company will pay you
  • Actual rent paid for house minus 10% of simple pay
  • 50% of basic salary plus dearness allowance in case you stay in a metro town (Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, or Chennai) or 40% of basic salary plus dearness allowance in case you stay in a non-metro town

The HRA formula or Housing rent allowance is to calculate the above 3 elements and declare HRA deduction under Section 10 ( 3A). Consider the following instance for a higher expertise of the HRA method

Mr. Gopal Ramanath lives and works in Pune. He has rented accommodation, paying Rs. 7,000 according to month. His monthly salary is Rs. 5,000, with the following

ComponentAmount (INR/ Rs.)
Basic Pay25,000
Total Salary45,000

Using the HRA calculation system, Mr. Ramanath get

  • An annual HRA of Rs. 1,02,000 from the company (₹8,500 X 12 = ₹1,02,000)
  • An annual rent of ₹84,000 that he truly pays. However, we want to use the HRA percentage formulation, which is real rent minus 10% of simple pay. This comes to ₹54,000 (₹7,000 x 12 – ₹30,000 = ₹54,000)
  • Pune is a non-metro city. Therefore, 40% of the basic salary amounts to ₹1,20,000 (forty% x ₹3,00,000 = ₹1,20,000).

The deduction that Mr. Ramanath can claim under section 80C of the ITA as an HRA deduction will be the lowest of the 3 amounts, ₹54,000.

The remaining ₹48,000 of the HRA allowance might be taxable as per Mr. Ramanath’s salary tax slab. If you are nevertheless not satisfied that you may calculate your HRA using pen and paper, don’t fear that you can use the free online HRA Calculator.

HRA Taxation Rule in India

HRA exemption regulations state that HRA deduction is simplest allowed for salaried and self-employed people who stay in rented accommodation. It means even if your salary slip has an HRA phase, and if you don’t pay rent, then your total amount is taxable.

Taking Mr. Ramanath’s example, if he doesn’t pay rent, then the HRA of Rs. 84,000 paid to him by the company would be taxed beneath his applicable salary tax bracket.

For self-employed individuals who no longer obtain an HRA aspect, HRA guidelines permit the benefit of claiming HRA exemption under Section 80GG of the ITA. This is the direction even salaried people paying rent can take in case their organization does not pay HRA.

So, while calculating HRA exemption, it is crucial to know whether you claim the deduction under Section 10 or not.

How to Claim Deduction Under Section 80 GG?

You can claim for HRA deduction under Section 80GG when you fill out your ITR. You must own an official rent receipt or rent agreement as proof that you are staying in rented accommodation to avoid tax discrepancies in the future.   

As per salary tax regulations, self-employed those who do not acquire HRA from the company can avail of the bottom of the following 3 as a deduction.

  • Rent paid an extra 10% of the adjusted overall salary
  • 25% of adjusted general salary
  • Rs 5,000 per month or yearly Rs 60,000

Adjusted salary is your general salary minus long-time period capital salary, quick-term capital gains under Section 111A, and deductions from Section 80C to 80U (excluding Section 80G deduction). Salary under Sections 115A, 115AB, 115AC, or 115AD.

Tax Benefits of HRA

HRA deduction under Section 10(13A) of the ITA has the following benefits:

  • The largest benefit of the HRA rebate is that it reduces your taxable salary.
  • You can claim a deduction on HRA in salary tax by submitting even if you stay with your parents, so long as you give proof of paying rent.
  • You can claim HRA tax benefits even at the same time as paying EMI on a home loan as long as the house isn’t positioned in the town of employment/house. In case you own a house in the same city as employment and living, you will want to give an official explanation as to why you cannot stay there on the way to claim the HRA exemption.

Important Points To Remember For Claiming HRA Deduction

  • You do not become eligible to claim HRA exemption if your agency will pay you HRA as a part of your salary. You will need to be living in a rented home to say HRA tax exemption.
  • The whole HRA paid to you can’t be claimed as an exemption. The lowest annual rent is paid minus 10% of the primary salary, HRA is paid by means of the organization, and 40%/50% of the salary, depending on where you stay, can only be claimed.
  • For HRA calculation purposes, Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, and Kolkata are taken into consideration as metro towns. All others are non-metro cities.
  • You can declare an HRA deduction even if you are staying with your parents as long as you give proof of rent payments, such as rent receipts or bank transfers. However, your parents must show this as their salary when submitting their returns.
  • Rent paid to a spouse isn’t always eligible for HRA deduction.
  • If the annual rent exceeds ₹1,00,000, then the owner’s PAN could be required to assert HRA exemption. If they do not have a PAN, a signed assertion may be required.

How to Claim Deduction if You Do Not Receive HRA

Self-employed and salaried those who do not now get hold of an HRA cannot declare housing rent allowance deduction below Section 10(13A) of the ITA. However, they are still able to avail the advantage of rent exemption under Section 80GG of the Income Tax Act. Under Section 80GG, an individual can declare the least of the following in case of the housing rent allowance they pay:

  • ₹5,000 per month, i.e. ₹60,000 in keeping with annum
  • 25% of gross total salary
  • Actual rent paid minus 10% of the gross overall salary

For example, let us count on the fact that Ms. Gayathri Nair, living in Chennai, is self-employed and makes an annual gross general salary of Rs. 6,00,000. She can pay rent of Rs. 20,000 a month. The tax exemption she will declare below Section 80GG while filing her taxes is at the bottom of the:

  • ₹60,000
  • 25% x ₹6,00,000 = ₹1,50,000
  • Actual annual rent minus 10% of salary, which is ₹2,4,000 – ₹60,000 = ₹1,80,0000

Finally, the deduction Ms. Nair can declare under Section 80GG of ITA is ₹60,000. When talking about the difference between what HRA and the deduction claimed below Section 80GG, here are a few points to keep in mind:

  • Deduction below Section 80GG is to be the handiest for those who no longer get hold of HRA. This includes contributors of Hindu undivided families, self-employed people, and salaried people who do not acquire HRA from their company.
  • The most deduction allowed below Section 80GG is ₹60,000.
  • You cannot declare deduction under each Section 10(13A) and Section 80GG
  • Just like under Section 10(13A), the individual, their spouse, or minor children cannot own belongings in town or house to get the benefit.
  • Individuals seeking to say this deduction should post a form 10-BA that is self-assertion declaring that they meet all situations stated above.

Documents Required to Claim HRA Tax Exemption

The following documents need to be submitted to say tax exemption on HRA: 

  • Proof of rent: The most important document that must be provided when claiming tax exemption for HRA is the rent receipts to the rent agreement. You will want to provide bank statements if you do not have rent receipts. Being a taxpayer, you will be eligible for this exemption even if you are paying rent to your parents.  
  • Bank Statements: You must provide bank statements in case you no longer have rent receipts at the side of your rent settlement.  
  • PAN card of your landlord: As the taxpayer, you may need to submit your rent receipts to avail of tax exemption on HRA. The PAN Card information of the owner/landlord is required to be given as well in cases in which the annual rent of the housing unit is more than Rs.1 lakh. 
  • Self-assertion form: If the owner/landlord no longer has a PAN card, he or she can provide a self-declaration quoting the same. 


Housing Rent Allowance (HRA) refers to a detail of the salary of a worker. It offers financial assistance for renting a home. It is a valuable gain provided by employers to help personnel address the high housing rent allowance costs in urban regions. HRA is governed by the Income Tax Act and allows people to assert tax exemptions on the amount spent on rent.

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